SDL: Language Translation & Content Management Company
ISBN: Juan G. Galanes, A.
This is perhaps most evident when the question of European languages is brought to the table, particularly when the discussion is read from the Latin American context. As a result, as Michael Cronin observed, ''languages that were not involved in the colonial enterprise become synonymous with the very 'lack of language' attributed to the indigenous inhabitants of the New World'' p.
While the book is not addressed to, or in any way acknowledges Latin American possible audiences, the question of a desirable communication between cultures perceived as peripheral is indeed central to the book's argument.
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Their work has focused on the indexation, description and analysis of translations from Galician to other languages from to As theoretical references, the authors have adopted the postulates of the Tel-Aviv school, most notably Itamar Even-Zohar's polysystem theory and Gideon Toury's descriptive translation studies. In this context, the authors pay attention not only to a description of the translation process but also to elements such as the genres most commonly translated, the role of translators as cultural agents, and the conception of translation that underlies translational practice.
Since in the case of the Galician system translation is seen as a primary activity in Even-Zohar's terms , translators are expected to break norms in order to introduce innovating elements into the target culture. This process, however, is not exempt from power relations, and the works of authors such as Bassnett and Lefevere, and Gentzler and Tymoczko provide a framework for the discussion.
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They also draw from Henri Meschonnic's reflections on the articulation of language, ethics, and politics in the act of translation. At this point, they define one of their main goals: to determine the transformational power of translated literature, and the way in which it helps understand and shape the world.
With the so-called translator's turn in translation studies, particularly in translation historiography, the figure of the translator and the decisions they make have become the axis around which research and analysis revolve. Thus, this has obscured some other essential elements in the process. As an alternative, a sociological approach to translation, informed particularly by the works of Pierre Bourdieu, has brought attention to the question of how the translator interacts with other participants in the process and the norms that regulate their behavior.
In this context, translation is presented as an activity belonging to the literary field that is regulated by market rules. In other words, translation responds to supply and demand pressures, so that profit becomes the goal, and projects that are not perceived as lucrative are dismissed. This is a very real and pressing concern for minority cultures, which in the eyes of the market and cultural agents are not perceived as profitable.
Another current within sociology that has been adapted to think translation is that presented by Bruno Latour in his actor-network theory. According to Buzelin, the study of translation should transcend the analysis of subjective elements associated with the translator, or objective elements imposed from the outside.
She claims that translation should also be able to define how human, technological, and financial resources are articulated, and how they function when translation takes place. The author laments the fact that the political relations between the Galician autonomous community and other cultures are mediated by ''mainstream'' Spanish culture, which leads to the erasure of cultural diversity in the Spanish State. As was the case with other minority languages, during the Franco era, Galician was heavily repressed.
But after the fall of the regime, a new linguistic policy favored the use of the language in education, administration, and the media.
To this day, however, the use of Galician has decreased among younger population, which has led to the closing of traditional media published in the vernacular. Additionally, the author presents an overview of the Galician publishing industry, highlighting the production of children's and youth literature. Most translations of Galician literature are done outside of Galicia by major Spanish publishing houses, and there is an increase of translations of Galician literary works into other European languages.
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Through the catalogue, it can be established that while it is true that a greater number of works are imported through translation, the percentage of works exported to translated into foreign cultures is far from negligible. It is apparent that Spanish is the language from and into which more works are translated, pointing to the peripheral position Galician occupies in respect to that language. However, it is noteworthy that the other official languages in Spain are also vehicles through which Galician literature is exported.
In addition, in the case of languages like Spanish, English, French, spoken in many countries, new creations or diatopic variants arise.
While these diatopic expressions have been collected or analyzed in their territory of influence, no comprehensive collection showing all the expressions and contrastive analysis to observe the similarities and differences between these diatopic creations with all their idiosyncratic and cultural references have been made so far. Laughing one's head off in Spanish subtitles: a corpus-based study on diatopic variation and its consequences for translation.
Globalized phrases: methodological issues in computational phraseology. The equivalence of specialized phraseology: a contrastive analysis of the translation of eventive specialized phraseological units. Documenting a regional variety of substandard Spanish with general corpora. En otras palabras contains two kinds of translation texts: Spanish to be translated into English, and English into Spanish. Translating into English requires students to understand every detail of the Spanish text, and then decide how these details might best be expressed in English.
Fraseología, Diatopía y Traducción / Phraseology, Diatopic Variation and Translation
Translating into Spanish requires students to recognize how Spanish structures and words do -- and do not -- parallel those of English. Both activities provide advanced students of Spanish with an invigorating linguistic workout, and serve as an effective introduction to the practice of translation. Orders for Desk Copies with supporting course, enrollment, and bookstore order information will automatically receive instructions for online access.
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